• Ford GT

    Ford GT

    Ford GT
    Ford GT
    Constructeur : Ford Motor Company
    Production totale 4 038 exemplaires
    Classe Supercar
    Carrosseries Coupé
    Performances
    Motorisations 5.4L Modular V8
    Puissance (ch) 550 ch
    Puissance (kW) 404 kW
    Couple 680 Nm
    Vitesse maximale 385 km/h
    Consommation 12 à 18 ℓ/100 km
    Transmission 6-vitesses manuelle
    Dimensions
    Longueur 4643 mm
    Largeur 1953 mm
    Hauteur 1125 mm
    Empattement 2710 mm
    Poids 1542 kg



    La Ford GT est une voiture de sport construite par Ford Motor Company de 2003 à 2006. Il a été introduit comme un concept car conçu pour le centennaire de Ford et faire revivre les noms de légende de Ford tels que Mustang et Thunderbird. Camilo Pardo, à la tête du studio "Living Legends", a été mis comme chef de projet pour cette création. Les designers se sont inspirés de la voiture de course des années 1960, la GT40 avec qui elle est souvent confondue.

    Avec une réponse positive du circuit automobile en 2002, Ford décida de la produire en quantité limitée et ce à partir de 2005. Il s'agit d'un véhicule de haute performance, à deux places avec un design ressemblant à l'ancienne génération et un niveau de performance équivalant. Le moteur est un moteur à 8 cylindres en V 5.4 litres suralimenté produisant 550 chevaux et 680Nm de couple. Sa vitesse maximale est de 385 km/h (par limitation électronique).

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    Développement 

    At the 1995 Detroit Auto Show, the Ford GT90 concept was shown and at the 2002 show, a new GT40 Concept was unveiled by Ford.

    The GT is similar to the original Ford GT40 cars, but bigger, wider, and three inches (76 mm) taller than the original 40 inches (1.02 m)—as a result of which, a potential name for the car was the GT43. Three production prototype cars were shown in 2003 as part of Ford's centenary, and delivery of the production Ford GT began in the fall of 2004.

    A British company, Safir Engineering, who made continuation GT40s in the 1980s owned the GT40 trademark at that time, and when they completed production, they sold the excess parts, tooling, design, and trademark to a small Ohio company called Safir GT40 Spares. Safir GT40 Spares licensed the use of the GT40 trademark to Ford for the initial 2002 show car, but when Ford decided to make the production vehicle, negotiations between the two failed, and as a result the new Ford GT does not wear the badge GT40. It is rumored that Safir GT40 Spares asked $40 million dollars for the rights, but this has never been verified. The partners at Safir GT40 Spares state they have correspondence from Ford declining Safir's $8 million offer. Early cars from the 1960s were simply named "Ford GT". The name "GT40" was the name of Ford's project to prepare the cars for the international endurance racing circuit, and the quest to win the 24 Hours of LeMans. The first 12 prototype vehicles carried serial numbers GT-101 through GT-112. The "production" began and the subsequent cars, the MkI, MkIIs, MkIIIs, and MkVs, numbered GT40-P-1000 through GT40-P-1145, were officially "GT40s". The name of Ford's project, and the serial numbers, thus show the story that "GT40" was only the car's nickname to be false.

    Production et ventes 

    Les premiers propriétaires on pris livraison des véhicules en août 2004. La Ford GT était assemblée et peinte par Saleen dans leur atelier Saleen Special Vehicles à Troy dans le Michigan. Le moteur qui la motorise est fabriqué dans l'Usine de moteurs de Ford à Romeo. L'installation du moteur et de la boite de vitesse et les finitions intérieures étaient montées à Wixom.

    Des 4500 Ford GT prévues initialement, environ 100 ont été exportées en Europe à partir de fin 2005. En plus 200 ont été destinées à la vente au Canada. Quand la production fut arrêtée en 2006, les 4500 prévues initialement n'ont pas toutes été construites. Approximativement 550 ont été construites en 2004, environ 1900 en 2005, et pour finir 1600 en 2006, pour un total de 4038.

    As with many highly desirable new vehicles, when the Ford GT was first released, the demand severely outpaced supply, and the cars initially sold for premium prices. The first private sale of Ford's new mid-engine sports car was completed on August 4, 2004, when former Microsoft executive Jon Shirley took delivery of his Midnight Blue 2005 Ford GT.[1] Shirley earned the right to purchase the first production Ford GT (chassis #10) at the Pebble Beach Concours d'Elegance Auction after bidding over $557,000.[2] Jay Leno, host of The Tonight Show with Jay Leno, took possession of his private sale Red 2005 GT (chassis #12) a week later.[3]

    Other early cars sold for as much as a $100,000 premium over the suggested retail price of $139,995.[4] Optional equipment available included a McIntosh sound system, racing stripes and forged alloy wheels adding an additional $13,500 to the MSRP.[5] By June 2005, retail sale prices had dropped to around $10,000 to $20,000 over MSRP, and in August 2005 several new GTs were sold on eBay for no more than the suggested retail price.

    The production run of 4038 GT's ended with the 2006 model year on 21 September, 2006, short of the originally planned 4500.[6] The Wixom Assembly Plant has stopped production of all models as of May 31, 2007.[7] Sales of the GT continued into 2007, from cars held in storage and in dealer inventories.

    Production totale de la Ford GT entre 2004 et 2007
    Année Ventes Production
    Jan Fév Mar Avr Mai Jui Jul Août Sep Oct Nov Déc Total
    2004








    22 63 59 144 547
    2005 7 4 44 70 117 150 91 113 176 165 157 208 1302 1890
    2006 157 194 204 157 178 185 147 143 133 102 261 58 1919 1601
    2007 62 169 -








    231 0
    Total 3596 4038

    Ford GTX1 [modifier]

    GTX1 Prototype #001 on display.

    In November 2005 the Ford GTX1, a roadster version of the Ford GT, was unveiled in Las Vegas. The $48,000 aftermarket conversion is performed by the Genaddi Design Group and endorsed by Ford. It includes optional performance upgrades to the suspension, brakes, aerodynamics, and an improved supercharger that increases power to Modèle:Convert.

    Performances et motorisation [modifier]

    The Ford GT features many new and unique technologies, including super-plastic-formed aluminum body panels, roll-bonded floor panels, a friction-stir welded center tunnel, a “ship-in-a-bottle” gas tank, a capless fuel filler system, one-piece door panels and an aluminum engine cover with a one-piece carbon-fiber inner panel.

    Brakes are four-piston aluminum Brembo calipers with cross-drilled and vented rotors at all four corners. When the rear canopy is opened, the rear suspension components and engine are visible.

    The 5.4L Modular V8 powerplant is all-aluminum and fed by a Lysholm twin screw-type supercharger. It features a forged rotating assembly housed in an aluminum block designed specifically for the GT program. A dry sump oiling system is employed, allowing the engine to sit very low in the frame. The DOHC 4-valve heads are a revision of the 2000 Ford Mustang SVT Cobra R cylinder heads (with slightly increased wall casting thickness in the exhaust port) and the design is essentially shared with the Ford Shelby GT500. The camshafts have unique specifications, with more lift and duration than those found in the Shelby GT500 or 2003–2004 Ford Mustang SVT Cobra. Power output is Modèle:Convert and Modèle:Convert of torque. A Ricardo six-speed manual transmission is fitted featuring a helical limited-slip differential.

    Performance:

    • 0–60 mph (0–96 km/h): 3.7 seconds[8]
    • 0–100 mph (0–160 km/h): 7.4 seconds[9]
    • Standing 1/4 mile: 11.2 seconds @ 131.2 mph [10]
    • Top speed: 205 mph (electronically limited)[11]

    Consommation énergetique 

    The US EPA mileage estimate for the GT is Modèle:Convert in city driving, and Modèle:Convert in highway cruising, for a combined Modèle:Convert.

    On May 14 2007 a GT participated in an economy driving contest around Reykjavik in Iceland held by FÍB (the association of car owners in Iceland)and the oil company Atlantsolía. The driver Gísli Jón Bjarnason, finished the Modèle:Convert circle on the GT through hilly terrain with average fuel consumption of Modèle:Convert. This performance was then improved in the same competition the consecutive year. At that time the driver Egill Jóhannsson drove the lap on the GT with fuel consumption of only Modèle:Convert.

    Racing [modifier]

    A Ford GT Mk.VII, built by Doran Racing, and run by Robertson Racing in the American Le Mans Series.

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